13 aprile 2012 Lascia un commento
Prepositions are those little words that mark places in space or time. When prepositions are used together with definite articles, the preposition and the article are sometimes condensed into a single word. When they are not followed (and bound) to articles, they are called “simple prepositions“.
Simple prepositions are words that aren’t followed by articles. They are:
di (d’) → of
a → to
da → from, by, since
in → in
con → with
tra, fra → between
su → on
per → for
Di means “of”, indicating possession, or “from” (to be from).
Un bicchiere di vino » a glass of wine
Una casa di legno » a house of wood
Il computer di Andrea» Andrea’s computer (literally: “the book of Andrea”)
La madre di Anna » Anna’s mother
Io sono di Siracusa» I am from Syracuse
I miei amici sono di Catania» my friends are from Catane
A means “to” (indirect object and movement) or “in”, indicating location (cities and places).
When preposition “a” is followed by another word starting with a vowel, for phonetic reasons it changes to “ad”.
Presto il libro a Giovanni» I lend the book to John
Venderò la bicicletta a Laura» I will sell the bycicle to Laura
Gira a destra a destra » Turn to the right (→ note: in Italian the two directions have no article)
Tornerò a New York » I will return to New York
Siamo sdraiati a letto » We are lying in bed
Tu vivi a Roma » You live in Rome
Da means “since”, “from” (to come from), “by” (passive) and it’s used with location referring to people.
Vivo a Catania da 30 anni » I’ve lived in Catane for 30 years
Vengo da Siracusa» I come from Syracuse
Questo corso è stato fatto da Maria» This course was made by Maria
Sono da Davide » I’m at Davide’s
In usually means “in”.
Vivo in una bella città » I live in a beautiful city.
Ho delle caramelle in tasca » I have some candies in my pocket
Attraverseremo il fiume in barca » we will cross the river by boat
Con means “with”.
Sono con te » I’m with you
Ho comprato il libro con pochi soldi » I bought the book with little money
Andrea era con sua sorella » Andrew was with his sister
Su means “on(to)”, “over”.
I libri sono su una scrivania » The books are on a desk.
L’aereo vola su Roma» The plane flies over Rome
Per can translate English for, to, by, or even as, according to the different use.
Questo regalo è per te » This present is for you
Ho un biglietto per il teatro » I have a ticket for the theatre
Tra-fra mean “between” or “in” followed by a time expression.
Vengo a casa tra(fra) due minuti » I’d come home in two minutes
L’autobus passerà fra(tra) due ore » The bus will pass in two hours
L’albero fra(tra) le due case è alto » The tree between the two houses is tall