Aggettivi

An adjective is a word that qualifies the meaning of a noun by adding some specification or description to it and usually it comes after the noun in Italian (while in English they come before the noun).

There are many different categories of adjective including demonstrative (questo, quello), interrogative (quale), possessive (mio, tuo), indefinite (alcuni, qualche) and negative (nessun).

Forming Adjectives:
Some adjectives are formed from verbs by adding the suffix -nte. Such adjectives are actually archaic forms of the present participle:

ardere (to burn) , ardente (hot)
fortificare (to fortify), fortificante (fortifying)

Other adjectives are derived from the past participles of verbs:

scrivere (to write), scritto (written)
contorcere (to twist), contorto (twisted)

Adjectives are sometimes formed from nouns by adding the suffixes -so (English -ous) and -ico (English -ic):

miracolo (miracle), miracoloso (miraculous)
letargo (lethargy), letargico (lethargic)

Adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
Regular adjectives with separate masculine and feminine forms end in -o (m.) and -a (f.) in the singular, -i (m.) and -e (f.) in the plural:

Il battello è bianco (The boat is white)
La colomba ha un’ala bianca (The dove has a white wing)
I miei denti sono bianchi (My teeth are white)
Le mie scarpe sono bianche (My shoes are white)

Regular adjectives with identical masculine and feminine forms have a singular ending -e and a plural ending -i:

un vestito verde (a green dress)
una mela verde (a green apple)
dei alberi verdi (some green trees)
delle tartarughe verdi (some green turtles)

Adjectives describing colors by means of nouns do not change form to show gender or number:

la rosa (the rose), rosa (pink), dei fiori rosa (some pink flowers)
la viola (the violet), viola (purple), un vestito viola (a purple dress)

The position of adjectives follows certain rules. In general, adjectives which describe or differentiate follow the nouns they modify:

una fontana magnifica (a magnificent fountain),  la mano destra (the right hand)

Adjectives precede nouns they modify when they express an essential or characteristic quality, and when they limit or quantify:

un piccolo asino (a small donkey), le poche case (the few houses), alcuni romanzi (some novels)

Some adjectives change meaning when they precede the noun, taking on a figurative sense:
un uomo povero (a poverty-stricken man) but un pover’ uomo (an unfortunate fellow)

Related article:

To form plurals of compound nouns (http://ehsanblogs.wordpress.com/2012/04/25/to-form-plurals-of-compound-nouns/)

 Maria Scalici

Info EASY LeArNGUAGE
Would you like to learn Italian, English or Spanish language? Follow me! :-)

2 Responses to Aggettivi

  1. Pingback: To form plurals of compound nouns | No More Tears

Lascia un commento

Inserisci i tuoi dati qui sotto o clicca su un'icona per effettuare l'accesso:

Logo WordPress.com

Stai commentando usando il tuo account WordPress.com. Chiudi sessione / Modifica )

Foto Twitter

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Twitter. Chiudi sessione / Modifica )

Foto di Facebook

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Facebook. Chiudi sessione / Modifica )

Google+ photo

Stai commentando usando il tuo account Google+. Chiudi sessione / Modifica )

Connessione a %s...

%d blogger cliccano Mi Piace per questo: